Yesterday, the SEC issued an enforcement order regarding Munchee’s token offering and SEC Chairman Jay Clayton released a general public statement on cryptocurrencies and ICOs.  For those who previously read our post about the SEC’s report in the DAO, much of this might not be a surprise – although the SEC staff did answer the call of discussing so-called “utility tokens.”

The SEC action against Munchee is notable to us because Munchee had at least some argument that its tokens had utility. As quick background, the Munchee app is built around a crowd-sourced restaurant review concept.  The Munchee app was built before the token offering.  The Munchee tokens (MUN) were designed to function as an internal currency for “use in the Munchee app for rewards and interactions.”  Munchee had a somewhat polished white paper, replete with disclaimers and carefully avoiding terms such as “ICO” and “investors,” and a management and advisory team with relevant technical and industry experience.  For those of us working in this space, this fact pattern is familiar – and did not feel like the edge cases that had previously caught the ire of the SEC, such as a massive loss of investor capital or a recidivist promising 1,354% profit in less than 29 days.

So what takeaways can other potential token issuers glean from the Munchee order? How much “utility” is needed?
Continue Reading

Much has been written recently on blockchain, Bitcoin, Ethereum, cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings (ICO). Unfortunately, for non-computer scientists (like me), trying to understand these concepts and their potential implications can be a bit overwhelming. To help all of those non-technologists trying to get their heads around blockchain, Bitcoin, Ethereum, cryptocurrencies and ICOs, I pulled together the following list of resources that I have found useful. As an attorney who represents startup and emerging growth companies, it seems likely that these technologies will prove to be disruptive to how we do business, build new technology, fund startups and even think about employment – much like the initial proliferation of the Internet. Let’s start with a brief overview of these technologies and how they relate to each other.
Continue Reading